Basic

[Japanese]What is Kanji? 漢字 / かんじ meaning

2021-08-23

漢字 かんじ kanji meaning japanese

 

There are three kinds of characters in Japanese.

  • Hiragana(ひらがな)
  • Katakana(カタカナ)
  • Kanji(漢字)

 

Next to katakana, let's learn Kanji!

 

スポンサーリンク

What is Kanji?

 

Kanji is a writing system that comes from China. 

 

It is said that there are about 50,000 over kanji in total, but Japanese people usually use is about 3,000 kanji.

 

 

Kanji example

月 水 山 空 雪

学 机 麗 番 在

 

 

In Japan, we learn about 2100 kanji in 9 years of elementary and junior high school.

 

There are multiple ways to read kanji.

 

  • 音読みおんよみ・・・"on" yomi is based on the way of reading in Chinese.
  • 訓読みくんよみ・・・"kun" yomi is the Japanese original reading.

 

 

- Example -

 

 右 

  • 音読み(On yomi):う(u)
  • 訓読み(Kun yomi):みぎ(migi)
  • mean:right

 

 

 左 

  • 音読み(On yomi):さ(sa)
  • 訓読み(Kun yomi):ひだり(hidari)
  • mean:left

 

 

Example sentence

 

(on yomi)

次の交差点を右折します。
tsugi no kousaten wo usetsu shimasu.
This shape is symmetrical.

 

 

みぎ(kun yomi)

右に曲がります。
migi ni magarimasu.
Turn right.

 

 

It may be difficult to learn one Kanji because it has various readings, which is a characteristic of Chinese characters, but let's study slowly one by one.

 

 

スポンサーリンク

Kanji Lists

 

  • JLPT N5・・・List of 103 Kanji of N5 level
  • JLPT N4・・・List of 187 Kanji of N4 level
  • JLPT N3・・・Coming soon
  • JLPT N2・・・Coming soon
  • JLPT N1・・・Coming soon

 

 

ひらがな hiragana chart
JAPANESE HIRAGANA CHART

続きを見る

 

katakana カタカナ chart japanese
JAPANESE KATAKANA CHART

続きを見る

 

スポンサーリンク
スポンサーリンク

-Basic

Copyright © Japanese note , All Rights Reserved.