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JAPANESE HIRAGANA CHART

2021-08-08

ひらがな hiragana chart

 

There are three kinds of characters in Japanese.

  • Hiragana(ひらがな)
  • Katakana(カタカナ)
  • Kanji(漢字)
As a first step in studying Japanese, let's learn "Hiragana".


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JAPANESE HIRAGANA CHART Goju-on

 

There are 46 basic Japanese characters. This is called them the “Goju-on”.

 

  a i u e o
あ行
a row
a i u e o
か行
ka row
ka ki ku ke ko
さ行
sa row
sa shi su se so
た行
ta row
ta chi tsu te to
な行
na row
na ni nu ne no
は行
ha row
ha hi fu he ho
ま行
ma row
ma mi mu me mo
や行
ya row
   
ya   yu   yo
ら行
ra row
ra ri ru re ro
わ行
wa row
     
wa       wo

n
n

 

 

There are 5 vowels in Japanese.

  • :a(ahh)
  • :i(like a "e" in eat)
  • :u(like a ”oo” in spoon)
  • :e(like a "e" in end)
  • :o(oh)

 

The characteristic of Japanese sounds is that they all end with a vowel except for "n".

 
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JAPANESE HIRAGANA CHART Daku-on

 

Dakuon(濁音だくおん literally means turbid sound. It is the voiced sound of ka(か), sa(さ), ta(た) and ha(は)  row syllables.

Dakuon is indicated with two small dots.

Pronunciation of じ(ji) and ぢ(ji)ず(zu) and づ(zu) are the same.

 

  a i u e o
が行
ga row
ga gi gu ge go
ざ行
za row
za ji zu ze zo
だ行
da row
da ji zu de do
ば行
ba row
ba bi bu be bo

 

 

 

 

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JAPANESE HIRAGANA CHART Handaku-on

 

Handakuon半濁音はんだんくおん)literally means half-turbid sound.It is the voiced sound of  ha(は)  row syllables.

Handakuon is indicated with a small circle.

 

  a i u e o
ぱ行
pa row
pa pi pu pe po

 

 

 

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JAPANESE HIRAGANA CHART You-on

 

You-on拗音ようおん) is a sound represented by two-letter kana, such as “Shakai (social)”, “Kyou (today)”, and “Gyaku (reverse)”. 

 

In this case, “sha”, “kyo”, and “gya” correspond to the you-on.

 

  a u o
きゃ行
kya row
きゃ きゅ きょ
kya kyu kyo
しゃ行
sha row
しゃ しゅ しょ
sha shu sho
ちゃ行
cha row
ちゃ ちゅ ちょ
cha chu cho
にゃ行
nya row
にゃ にゅ にょ
nya nyu nyo
ひゃ行
hya row
ひゃ ひゅ ひょ
hya hyu hyo
みゃ行
mya row
みゃ みゅ みょ
mya myu myo
りゃ行
rya row
りゃ りゅ りょ
rya ryu ryo
ぎゃ行
gya row
ぎゃ ぎゅ ぎょ
gya gyu gyo
じゃ行
ja row
じゃ じゅ じょ
ja ju jo
びゃ行
bya row
びゃ びゅ びょ
bya byu byo
ぴゃ行
pya row
ぴゃ ぴゅ ぴょ
pya pyu pyo

 

 

 

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JAPANESE HIRAGANA CHART Soku-on

 

In addition, there is a sokuon(促音そくおん)in Japanese.

Sokuon is a pause(no sound)between two syllables.

Sokuon is described by small つ.

 
  • せっけん(sekken)
  • しっぱい(shippai)
  • きって(kitte)
  • もっと(motto)

 

 

 

Finally 

 

Let's always look back and remember.

 

 

 


Get used to the letters and master the hiragana:)


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